RUAG, which sells civilian ammunition under the brand name “RWS,” has a new and interesting ammunition they were showing off at NDIA. Their ammunition uses a solid copper bullet designed to shatter upon impact with a solid object such as a steel plate. RUAG claims that the minimum safe distance to target for this ammunition is “arms length.” Yes, you read that right. And that was a claim that we refused to believe until we saw it. Well, we just saw it . . .
We met these guys at the NRA Convention; they were making the same claims back then to our fearless leader. Who didn’t believe them. Apparently that made an impression on them, because when I introduced myself as a writer for TTAG at the NDIA symposium they mentioned it and invited me to stop by their live fire demonstration.
For normal “ball” handgun ammunition (round nose, lead core), USPSA (the competition shooting organization of choice for this writer) says the minimum safe distance for a steel target is 10 yards. For rifle rounds, the minimum safe distance is 100 yards. Any closer than that and the round might bounce back, hitting the shooter. Like this.
Shooting any steel targets poses a problem, as every projectile fired at the plate has the possibility to bounce back and endanger the shooter. Which is an issue, as steel is not only fun to shoot but cheaper in the long run. RUAG realized a need for a copper bullet that would disintegrate upon impact with steel. And that’s exactly what they’ve done.
At the live fire demonstration RUAG had a couple crates of their frangible ammunition and a steel plate, and proceeded to make their case proving their claims. One by one, people would walk up and fire directly into a steel plate at just about arms length, and there were no fragments felt or seen coming back at the shooter.
RUAG claims that the largest fragment coming off this ammo will still be smaller than 1% of the mass of the original bullet. They also claim that the fragments only bounce a few inches off the steel plate before dropping to the ground. Which is difficult enough for a low velocity round like a 9mm pistol. But how about a high velocity rifle round?
9mm is typically a 150 grain round running just slightly past supersonic speeds. 5.56x45mm NATO is a 55 grain bullet going about mach three. What about something bigger, like a 437 grain shotgun slug?
Slugs, buckshot… Doesn’t matter. Their copper bullets all fragment on impact, posing no threat to the shooter. But how about a target? RUAG claims that even though these rounds fragment on impact with hard stuff, they will still give the penetration needed to “put down” a target.
As you probably guessed, the shooting range is the ammo’s intended home. If the ammo doesn’t have any lead in it, the environmental impact mitigation requirements are not so high when designing the range. Air filters don’t have to be of such a high quality, and don’t need to be replaced as often, lowering the continuing costs as well.
The ammunition can also help with training. As was mentioned, when doing large amounts of training (e.g., an entire police department), the cost of targets can be a real hurdle. Steel targets are a one-time cost and easy to maintain. With standard ammo, steel targets for simulated close quarters engagements were are a non-starter. With the RUAG Copper-Matrix SX ammunition, there’s no danger from ricochets. Targets can be as close as the trainers want them to be.
So what about the “terminal ballistics?” They’re sending a couple boxes to TTAG to test; we’ll be sure to let you know how it turns out. But for their intended purpose, these rounds seem perfect for the job.