Robert B. Young, M.D. with DRGO, via YouTube
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On October 22, Doctors for Responsible Gun Ownership (DRGO) presented new concealed carry-related research undertaken by Dr. Mark Hamill to the Congress of the American College of Surgeons. The key takeaway from this research is that relaxing concealed carry laws has no effect on violent crime rates.

This paper, which was well received and is now available online (paywalled), is an important step toward clarifying contradictory findings in the existing research literature. Past research focused largely on concealed carriers as a group or on the number of concealed carry licenses among the population. However, increased interest in concealed carry is very possibly a response to rising crime rates, not a cause. For this reason, this DGRO-affiliated study measured the effects (or lack thereof) of legislation only, not the number of permits issued or the number of gun owners in the population.

Using data from a 30-year period (1986-2015), during which many U.S. states changed their concealed carry policies in favor of greater leniency, the researchers designed a Carry Restriction Scale that incorporated “no carry,” “may issue,” “shall issue,” and “unrestricted carry.” This allowed the leniency of concealed carry legislation to be meaningfully understood as a variable in their statistical analysis. Then, for good measure, they created a second, binary variable that also measured restrictiveness of concealed carry laws.

For each state and year during that 30-year period, the researchers amassed data on 14 different variables, including the Carry Restriction Scale variable. Among those, they included not only data on various violent crimes (rape, aggravated assault, homicide, etc.) but also data on unemployment and poverty rates, which are known to influence crime. Thanks to this dynamic approach, they were able to actually isolate the variable they were interested in.

Finally, applying a regression analysis that involved over 21,420 discrete data points and two different measures of concealed carry leniency, the researchers confidently confirmed their hypothesis: There is no association between state-level concealed carry laws and the rate of ANY violent crime.

By diligently detailing the best statistical methodology for this data set (and explicitly calling out potential pitfalls for future analysts to avoid), the researchers also blazed a trail for future research. In an area of study rife with political agendas, sloppy methodology, and contradictory findings, this study is an outstanding example of real science at work.

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  1. John Lott did these studies years ago, didn’t he? This isn’t news — or am I missing something? The obvious logic is that the more good guys carry — and the more the bad guys know that the good guys may be carrying — the less likely the bad guy is to attack someone with a gun or otherwise.

    An armed society, as the saying goes, is a polite society.

    • “The obvious logic is that the more good guys carry — and the more the bad guys know that the good guys may be carrying — the less likely the bad guy is to attack someone with a gun or otherwise. ”

      Which is precisely what the research could not determine (“prove”); the deterrent effect of concealed carry of firearms.

      To be an effective deterrent, concealed carry must be known to a widespread number of potential attackers/criminals. This means not only knowledge of the permitting legislation, but that the number is growing, or has grown, to a significant majority of the population. Since most “bad guys” cannot be counted on to be literate, much less informed, getting knowledge of a high likelihood that an attacker/criminal will face an armed victim presents a real challenge.

      You can only successfully deter an attacker if the attacker is fully aware of your defensive capability, and your determination to use it (see the history of “the cold war” – where only direct attack between the US and USSR was deterred).

      • “Say, where’s Joe?” “Shot and in jail.” “Well, where’s Bill?” “Shot dead.” “How about Tom?” “Went to work at Burger King, said it’s safer.” The word will get around.

        • “The word will get around.”

          Oh that it would. Yet, the number of concealed carriers has grown rapidly the last few years, and Lott tells us that there are up to 2 million defensive gun used per year. One would think that the word has had time to “get around”, and produce a marked reduction in those 2 million DGUs.

          It would seem the proper measure of the effectiveness of hundreds of millions of guns at hand would be the undeniable reduction in DGUs, not an effect on over all crime (which has too many components).

        • You know you can’t be that thoughtful if you try to overwhelm with just plain words. Common sense says that crime will/has gone down in areas where Conceal Carry is legal but can and will go up in areas that it’s not. Also because of that idea if it goes down in one area of our country and up in others it can still balance out.

        • That seems to have worked in my suburban neighborhood. Over the last ten years there have only been two attempted burglaries within a half mile. In both cases the educated and affluent homeowners fired a shot, which quickly sent the perpetrators back into the city. They apparently told their friends that better targets should be found elsewhere. For four years we’ve no repeats. It’s very peaceful in the neighborhood.

      • LarryinTX is dead on. Bad guys hear it at midnight basket ball, at the bar, from their weed supplier, from the relatives of DRT former bad guys, from the barely able to walk bad guy who use to jack cars.

        Simple fact, as Stacy Abrams so eloquently put it “people get shot in the streets because some bigot decided he got to stand his ground.” It is getting positively dangerous for her thug constituents to pursue their normal line of work, and that is why she is the Democrat gubernatorial candidate here in Georgia.

        • I think you’re putting too much stock in that DGU number, Sam. It’s only a rough estimate. There could be a significant decrease (or increase) in the actual number, and we’d never know it because the data isn’t reliable enough to give a precise picture.

        • “I think you’re putting too much stock in that DGU number, Sam.”

          Actually, I put no credence in DGU reports, or alleged reports, or supposed DGU reports. My position is purely one of challenging conclusions based on speculation, extrapolation, projection; as is the same with “manmade climate change”. But I do have first hand experience with deterring attack (which absolutely is not the same as a response to attack – however, a response that leaves the attacker unable to demonstrate a pulse does deter that attacker from future attacks).

          If one believes in the ~2 million annual DGUs, unless they all happened in the same places, over and over, the deterrent effect should, over a number of years, be directly measured as either a drop in armed attacks, a rise in armed attacks, no difference in armed attacks. We simply do not have correlation. Trying to justify owning a gun, carrying a gun, using a gun based on some speculated crime deterrent effect is not a convincing ploy, except as a talking point among gun owners. Anti-gunners are not moved by unprovable claims of deterring deadly attacks.

          Besides, talking about deterrent effect puts us in the position of arguing “need” for a gun.

      • To “prove” yes you’re correct. But you can’t “Prove” there is a God” Or you can’t “Prove” the sun will come up tomorrow morning either…. but there is a preponderance of the evidence. Just go ask your neighbors and friends or go to the local jail. Very few people break into houses when people are home. Even fewer people get mugged if they don’t make themselves an easy target…. Why is that?

        • “To “prove” yes you’re correct. But you can’t “Prove” there is a God” Or you can’t “Prove” the sun will come up tomorrow morning either…. but there is a preponderance of the evidence. ”

          If we want to pronounce that correlation equals causation, we must also accept the same from the anti-gun mafia.

      • Sam I Am, a person/criminal being illiterate does not automatically mean that they will be unaware that carry laws are changing or that in turn more citizens are carrying. Surely you’ve heard that we through young men in prison for drug possession or stealing, ect. so that they can learn to be smarter/more proficient criminals.

        • I like your last sentence.

          My caution is that POTG should not make the mistake of touting correlation with causation. We trash liberals and gun grabbers (sorry for repeating myself) for making correlation/causation claims. I don’t want us to offer them a puffball to smack back at us.

      • The attacker will be fuller aware of your deterrent as soon as you deploy it. Having no deterrent is not a very good option.

        • “The attacker will be fuller aware of your deterrent as soon as you deploy it. Having no deterrent is not a very good option.”

          You may have “deterrent”* and “response” confused. A concealed firearm is a deterrent if a potential attacker fears you may have a concealed gun, and thus declines to initiate the attack. To actually pull your gun for use, you are responding to an attack because the attacker did not believe your were likely to be armed (as the vast majority of people are not), and was certain you wouldn’t use a gun if you had one.

          *If one uses a gun to fully eliminate the attacker, that fact does represent deterrence in the sense the attacker is forever deterred from initiating another attack.

      • It seems you have minimal knowledge of ciminals. Crime is their business. Period. Its their job. If you don’t think criminals are very aware of conceal laws in their state or likelihood or lack of citizens possibly carrying in the area they conduct business, you are niave, misinformed or both. Criminals look for easy targets and that includes possibility of coming up against an armed citizen. Look at California, New York, Washington etc. States with grossly over reaching gun laws and none to almost non existent conceal carry capability. There is an extremely high amount of violent crimes committed and criminals know the chance they will come up against another gun is highly unlikely, outside of other criminals that is. Chicago or Illinois overall finally got conceal carry only 5 yrs ago. Criminals have been shot, stopped or deterred by legal carrying citizens allowed to actually protect themselves for a change. Believe me, criminals are very aware that a huge part of the population is now capable of protecting themselves with firearms where they weren’t able to before. Its unfortunate that most law abiding citizens are not educated on the workings of the criminal mindset. If they were, there would be a lot less victims and a lot less anti 2nd Amendment anti gun Americans!

        • “Criminals look for easy targets and that includes possibility of coming up against an armed citizen.”

          First, “criminals” are not likely to be reading stats on how many people are armed. They get their information from MSM, which does not inform the public of the danger to criminals of possibly coming up against an armed person.

          Second, with only ~15,000,000 persons with concealed permits, and much fewer who carry everyday, everywhere, the likelihood of a street thug encountering an armed person is extremely low.

          Third, unless the number of gun carriers grows to fantastic levels, and that fact blasted out of every information outlet, criminals will continue to bet on the odds being in their favor.

          My original statement stands: There is no way to directly attach cause-and-effect between the increase in the number of guns sold (which is not the same as the number of gun owners buying guns) and a decrease, in violent crime. Too many other variables to eliminate. (Consider the posting here that related a reduction id crime in NYC after “stop-and-frisk” was eliminated. There is no direct relationship between “stop-and-frisk”, and a decrease in crime. So it is with gun sales. There are better statistics to show a direct relationship between gun ownership, and the result of such.

          Besides, trying to tie gun ownership to crime reduction introduces the “need” argument.

      • If Concealed Carry does not INCREASE violent crime, the even if it does not demonstrably DECREASE violent crime, it should be allowed/encouraged for the sake of individual liberty & self-determination. The only statistic that counts is ONE: did an intended victim have one (firearm) when he needed it, or not?

        • “If Concealed Carry does not INCREASE violent crime, the even if it does not demonstrably DECREASE violent crime,”

          Concealed carry could not be proven to increase crime in a meaningful way. A handful of crimes committed by legal concealed carriers would not drive a statistic (unless one is talking about a very low base). Just as concealed carry cannot be proven to decrease crime.

          No matter which way one approaches it, guns, lack of guns, increased, or decreased number of gun owners cannot be isolated as the single catalyst for a direction change in a statistic. We should stop trying to use a hope as a proof.

          Your second proposition is dead on.

    • why is this surprising?…you’re talking about a group of people who play by the rules and have no criminal intent…seems like a wasted effort…

      • I agree with Sam as well as you. Most of those busting Sam have never taken a logic class. Check out Arizona where people can open carry or concealed carry. The people are nice and friendly there compare with CA which has stricgt gun laws. Look to the FBI an DOJ stats. Sam is right.

        • “Sam is right.”

          Be careful, there. Sayin’ sumthin’ like ‘at can get you a reputation of hanging out with the wrong crowd.

    • Sam-I-am is correct. Going about your business armed is not a deterrent to violent crime, though it may be a factor in that crime being successfully committed. The truth is, unless you’re already involved in criminal culture, your likelihood of being a victim of violent crime by a stranger is very low in the US. Unless you are a police officer you are discouraged from deploying your weapon in defense of others. Note: Discouraged, not prohibited in most places… Since most concealed carry permit holders train with their firearms, get a basic introduction to liability, and don’t have criminal intent, it’s no surprise that allowing concealed carry doesn’t change the crime rate.

    • Maybe Dan can write the authors and ask them for a copy and permission to host it here. (Unless the authors have assigned their copyrights to the publishing journal or otherwise contracted not to publish it elsewhere, then they can authorize that. It’s not like scholarly journals pay authors for their articles . . . .)

      • “It’s not like scholarly journals pay authors for their articles . . . .)”

        But charging for access to the articles is how scholarly journals earn their keep.

  2. One can also look at the raw data of crimes committed by ccl holders to easily reach the same conclusion. At the point where ccl holders are less likely to commit crimes than actual leos, the progressives should have pulled up their pants.

      • Heh, don’t hold your breath. I used to browse the chicago pd annual crime report. It seems someone didn’t like what it said so they stopped publicizing it.

  3. Why the American college of surgeons is doing a study like this is silly.

    Or not, studies get grants and money and stuff for your researchers to do, status as published, news cycle blip, chance to influence policy. I mean they are only doing it for the children.

    Wait, so concealed carriers don’t buy legal guns, get a NICs check, take some classes, pay lots of money, apply for license with photo or fingerprint, more background checks, more money, wait…. And then once in possession of that sweet license, turn to a life of crime?

    I thought anyone with a legal gun is just walking around, teetering on the brink from either robbing a bank or murdering someone for fun. That is the reason they can’t carry in sensitive locations like schools, post offices, pharmacies, football stadiums, voting, etc depending on the state or city. I mean most concealed carriers walk around the grocery store nicely but as soon as they set foot in a school, they just want to kill kill kill.

    • as soon as they set foot in a school, they just want to kill kill kill.

      A few years ago Ann Arbor, MI held a school board meeting where guns in schools was the main topic. Lots of public input, mostly from the ultra liberals who inhabit Ann Arbor. One parent said that a good guy with a gun was someone who just hadn’t murdered anyone yet. Really.

        • And of course, the same thing applies to drivers who haven’t run over any pedestrians yet, mothers who haven’t drowned their children yet, etc., etc., etc.

        • “…mothers who haven’t drowned their children yet, …”

          The little bastards were asking for it…

          *snicker* 😉

      • “all gunowners are bad guys..or potential bad guys”…..this is the mindset you’re dealing with…whether they want to admit it or not…debate with these people is pointless…

    • The value of this study is in who did it and who it was presented too. Yes, John Lott has done similar work, and yes it reached similar conclusions – but this study was done by doctors and presented to doctors. It is therefore much more likely to be read by doctors.

    • You said it buddy 🙂 go thru all the trouble and expense to lawfully carry so you can go out and rob and steal. Takes a real dummy to believe that’s what’s going on.

  4. The summary info on the page linked has all you should need for quoting. Specifically “Results
    During the study period, all states moved to adopt some form of concealed-carry legislation, with a trend toward less restrictive legislation. After adjusting for state and year, there was no significant association between shifts from restrictive to nonrestrictive carry legislation on violent crime and public health indicators. Adjusting further for poverty and unemployment did not significantly influence the results.”

    To which those of us in the community would reply – Well, Duh! – but those of a more liberal bent need to read facts in a journal in order to believe them.

    • The real problem is, always will be, that the left doesn’t care about facts. They want us disarmed, they control the media, and will continue to demonize guns, and legal gun owners. The left has hypnotized the masses into the mantra that ‘Guns are bad, must eliminate guns, must do it for the children, we hate gun violence’ …

      • To wit: Don’t expect this to be reported by the mass media. After all, “everyone knows” that “more guns equals more gun crime.” (There are at least a half a dozen “experts” who will say so.)

        • You’re right, Mark. And if it were reported? It would be a small article somewhere, tucked way back there, at the bottom. And some comment added from an ‘expert’ who said ‘there are other studies that contradict these findings.’

          When the left controls communication to the masses — and there is no doubt they do; MSM is a communist propaganda arm — it’s only a matter of time, and probably not that much, when ‘the masses’ are ‘demanding’ confiscation. Laws and facts are simply irrelevant to the left.

          What the right fails to understand is that screeching from the high heavens, passionately, loudly, over and over again, has power. In the wrong hands, in defective brains such as this woman’s, these people are dangerous. Sometimes the right stays too stoic and calm and factual. Facts don’t win this fight. Emotions do. And the left are masters at manipulating the emotions of the masses.

          However … we have might on our side, if 100+ million gun owners, several hundred million weapons, and who knows how many billions of rounds of ammo, count for something. And they must, because we still have our guns.

      • and we can see how poor of a job they have done too. record guns sales for how many years now??? this is a perfect example of when people are spoon fed by the government/media its always directly contradicts what they learn on their own by research and experience.

    • Well, Duh! – but those of a more liberal bent don’t usually read any facts in a journal. They simply listen to their peers.

    • Kahlil, we can rest assured that media / politicians will make sure this report is buried entirely, dismissed, countered, ridiculed. Facts have no effect on communists.

  5. They won’t believe anything what contradicts the lessons taught in the masters schools, they know how to read, they no longer know how to think. -30-

  6. “However, increased interest in concealed carry is very possibly a response to rising crime rates, not a cause“

    What rising crime rates?

    • The crime rate involving guns has been going down steadily since the mid 90’s. You only learn that by reading the FBI statistics which you will NEVER read in the MSN. Every shooting is bad and shouldn’t happen, but the press is now reporting on every gunshot heard except in Chicago, Baltimore, LA, New Orleans and New Jersey. They can’t let us think things are getting better.

  7. To take this a step further, I just listened to some wonderful oral arguments pro open carry in a Florida appeals court (BTW the attorneys are petitioning the SCOTUS), that as someone here mentioned, if the bad guys know one is carrying, they will be less likely to carry out their nefarious plans, thus concealed carry is good (QED per this study) but open carry is better at deterring crime since the bad guys will have not doubt about it and one is less likely to be at risk of brandishing. I am just surprised the ACS allowed this presentation.

    • I would love to see open carry nationwide.

      I’m in Washington state, and it is an open carry state. However … everyone discourages open carry. ‘People will get frightened … call the cops on you …’ etc. I’ve only seen one instance of open carry, and that was outside a gun store.

      The visible presence of guns would obviously deter someone with ill intent. If you KNOW there are guns on the good guys, you go elsewhere. The logical is irrefutable. But logic is irrelevant to communists — and we are dealing with communists, not ‘Democrats.’

      Bad guys are stupid by definition. But not that stupid to go into a place where you’re outnumbered and outgunned. Not generally anyway. And if they are that stupid? Then quick enough, they will no longer be among the living.

      I would love to see open carry wherever I go. I would love to open carry. I don’t, though. I carry outside, but it’s concealed by shirt and jacket. Here in the Seattle area, anonymous citizens have been given the power to ‘report’ someone as a threat, and if you are that ‘threat’ to someone, you can have all weapons confiscated. Of course, you have to go to court to get your guns back. A single phone call can totally f**k a law-abiding citizen because someone is ‘threatened’ — or just doesn’t like you.

      All of this isn’t going to end peacefully. The only thing communists want is power, and the only thing that will defeat them is power. Force. They will not relent, ever.

      • Michael, I don’t mean to be too harsh, but you do realize that you are part of the problem, right? You want to see more open carry, but you won’t do it yourself. Try it. You’ll feel nervous at first, but after a while it’ll become second nature. You will get over your trepidation quickly when you realize that most people don’t notice and most people don’t care.

        One thing you may want to carry, at least as a new OCer, is a digital voice recorder. Turn it on whenever you go into a store or you get pulled over for a traffic violation or whatever. They are only about 1″ x 4″. Carry in your shirt pocket or wear on a lanyard around your neck under your shirt. That may make you feel better. I wore one religiously when I first began OCing eight or nine years ago. I’ve never needed any of the audio I recorded but I appreciated the ability to record any potential bad interaction with the police or whatever. Turns out I’ve never had one single bad interaction with the public, police, or university police in nine years. It may happen one day, but so far never has. I live in Michigan.

        • Danny, I appreciate your note. I thought the same thing as I was writing what I wrote. If we all live in fear of ‘getting in trouble’ even while we’re obeying the law, we are part of the problem. And ‘we’ starts with me. I tend to go against the grain on a lot of stuff, and when someone says ‘oh don’t do that’ … lol … well, just a nudge in that direction sometimes is all I need. Your note is the nudge. It will stir waters, I know. I live in the very liberal Pacific NW. Odds are someone will call a cop on me at some point. Who knows where that leads? I will take your advice on the recorder; I have one of those on a shelf I’d forgotten about.

          I do recall one other time seeing an open carry — sort of. Took an old neighbor shopping to get groceries. I see a guy with a gun — inside the waist band, but clearly visible. And I thought, right on.

          I appreciate the note, Danny.

          One more thing. I carry on both sides. Glock 23 on the left, Ruger LCR on the right. A fellow shared a story with me a few months ago that prompted me to start doing carrying both sides, and it feels very comfortable. Should that make any difference in open carry? Carry one open, conceal the other? Is showing two guns overkill, so to speak? I’d appreciate your thoughts on that, Danny.

          Thanks again.

        • I only know of one person who OCs two pistols. He lives in Detroit. LOL. He carries them at 3 and 6 o’clock. I do have one left hand holster in case I want to OC two pistols LH/RH, but it is more for some special occasion, not daily. When I carry a backup I either pocket carry in a holster or ankle carry. So to answer your question, I do not OC two, only one. Maybe I should wear my LH holster more often. The balance does feel good.

      • have to lay at least some of the blame for these “reg flag” laws on trump….”seize the guns first..worry about due process later”…feinswine almost peed her pants when she heard him say that..

        • I think he’s backtracked on that. But the fact is, the red flag laws are ‘discretionary.’ As are many parts of the Patriot Act, Military Commissions Act, etc. That’s the risk of open carry — or at least the risk I have to say I fear — that someone decides I’m a risk, and it goes from there.

          Hell, I have a sister who is very anti-gun. She’s basically instructed her husband to NOT discuss politics and guns with me — he’s 67 years old! She knows my basic political views on some things, not necessarily politically correct, and certainly the antithesis of the communist direction of the Democratic Party. it’s crossed my mind that there might be a remote chance that a ‘loving and concerned family member’ would report me to ‘protect me from myself’ …

          But as Danny pointed out, we’re part of the problem if we don’t even exercise our actual rights out of fear — and it may be well-founded fear. We could end up with troubles as a result. But if we live in fear, we get the results of that.

          Open to other thoughts on this. It’s a valuable discussion, and I appreciate any suggestions.

      • Back around 2005 I decided to stop paying Virginia for a fashion permit that allows me to wear a piece of fabric over my sidearm. OCed exclusively, everywhere, until I caved and got a permit a couple years ago. Still OC occasionally. I’ve rarely seen others do it (seen more recently), outside of the VCDL having OC meetings, and supporting activist members who OCed to put it into the face of certain cops and locales. A few got arrested. Then they got a “settlement” to make the civil suit go away, usually around $10,000. One lucky gentleman got a second, large settlement, from the same city! It didn’t take long after that for the word to get around. VCDL was doing police training in OC and CC laws. Since then, events stopped completely. OC is a peaceful non-event in Virginia.

        As was said, most people don’t notice. Too busy shopping or deep in their smart phone. Except little kids. “Mommy, that man has a gun.” Which is usually followed by, “Yes dear, it’s OK and it’s legal.” End of conversation. I’ve received a couple, “Thank you for carrying and protecting us,” which is actually pretty cool, and no anti-gunners in my face, although I was ready for them.

        The key to a successful and uneventful OC outing is to look well and act civilized. Be recently washed and shaved, hair in place, clean clothes, no pajamas or camo, and MYOB. Of course you’re free to look and act as you please, but expect to be treated like a leper and possibly having a conversation with one or more cops. You might also want to have a copy of your state law, AG opinion, etc., to educate any cops you encounter.

  8. This is the data we need for those who start their arguments for gun control with “If it saves even one life…” Well ma’am, this 20,000 data point study with control groups and corrected for poverty says it just won’t.

  9. One correction: This study was not done by DRGO, but the lead author Dr. Mark Hamill is a DRGO member (and proud we are of that!).
    What is important besides the conclusions (which are not new, as has been mentioned) is that the study is being published in a mainstream medical journal (JACS, since Dr. Hamill is a surgeon). These usually publish anti-gun “research” that does not match the rigor of Dr. Hamill’s; I know, because we have critiqued many, and I was a reviewer for JACS on Dr. Hamill’s.

  10. Well No Duh,Vermonts been doing that way since 1791. VERMONT HAS ALWAYS BEEN THE CONSTITUTIONAL CARRY STATE,even before it became a state.

  11. “By diligently detailing the best statistical methodology for this data set (and explicitly calling out potential pitfalls for future analysts to avoid), the researchers also blazed a trail for future research.” Wait a minute, you failed to mention whether or not there was a “scientific community consensus” involved in this study! It appears that they just used that outdated “scientific method” stuff, and did not get a vote from people with an anti-gun agenda to push! I am SHOCKED! And what about the increase in Global Wormening caused by the increased manufacture of all those eeeevil guns?

  12. The first sentence of the article explains why liberals will not belive this report. The word “for” in the name of the group conducting the study.

  13. I Am A Life Member In The NRA IveBeen A Carrier For Years I Like The Idea Of Open Carry I Despise Liberals I Am A Vote Nam Vet And I Pretty WellDo What I Want I’m Also A 40 Year RetiredUnion Boilermaker

  14. I think the original point was missed. The point is concealed carry doesn’t contribute to crime, it may not prevent or detour crime but it doesn’t contribute.

  15. I would say that after the shooting in the church in Texas December 29, 2019 where concealed guns were used to take down the shooter the people whose lives were saved are more than appreciative of the right to carry and to do so concealed. I don’t need all the numbers…those lives saved are enough proof for me.

  16. I don’t think anyone who commented on here actually read the “study”


    During the study period, all states moved to adopt some form of concealed-carry legislation, with a trend toward less restrictive legislation. After adjusting for state and year, there was no significant association between shifts from restrictive to nonrestrictive carry legislation on violent crime and public health indicators. Adjusting further for poverty and unemployment did not significantly influence the results.


    This study demonstrated no statistically significant association between the liberalization of state level firearm carry legislation over the last 30 years and the rates of homicides or other violent crime. Policy efforts aimed at injury prevention and the reduction of firearm-related violence should likely investigate other targets for potential intervention.

  17. The media fails to talk about any defensive use of firearms. I don’t believe that the media wants the population to know the positive side of concealed carry when their goal is to restrict firearms. Unless you search for the information or get the NRA magazine you don’t even know defensive use of firearms ever takes place. How does the bad guy ever find out and become cautious about their use of firearms? Why then would they change their ways when they are ignorant? The increase in concealed carry should be in the news every day for months, then we may see a change in the statistics.

  18. Unfortunately they won’t listen, they never do. However, I know we must continue to try. Nothing ever changes if we keep silent!


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