By Grady Powell
Bad guys are becoming more bold and aggressive. Understanding that valuable items and softer targets are more likely located in more affluent areas, they are increasingly targeting suburban homes and neighborhoods in historically low-crime areas.
As with most things, when it comes to preparing an adequate home defense the sage Boy Scout motto of “Be Prepared” applies.
1. Plan it, drill it
Everyone remembers the fire drills that we practiced in elementary school. The alarm bell sounded and a swarm of generally chaotic creatures with an inclination for ignoring direction suddenly fell into line and moved to a predetermined point of safety with precise exaction.
In the same vein, create a simple plan to move everyone living in your house to a pre-determined point of safety, which ideally will be a room with few exit points. Only leave the security of the room you are in if other loved ones need to be secured. Everyone should know what starts the plan…an alarm, a whistle, or predetermined action initiating word.
Adults should plan to move to children or the elderly. Older children should move to younger ones and they should all move to a predetermined meeting point or hiding place in the room, and stay put.
Panicked people tend to wander if they don’t have a highly defined place. Designating these locations will give you the ability to discriminate targets far more quickly and effectively if an assailant has made it into the kids’ rooms.
Using techniques similar to those the police employ to deal with active shooters is best for the solo shooter. Don’t clear every room or move timidly through the house. Instead, move quickly and decisively to the objective point and only engage home invaders that are an immediate threat or in the way.
Understand the layout of your house and identify likely entry/weak points. Set up a primary and a secondary route to get to your objective and plot out areas an invader will be likely to move through or toward.
Move to the hold point and wait it out. Remain silent and listen. After sufficient time has passed, then go through the home. If anything indicates that an intruder is present, call the police and let them clear the house in a team. Better to look a little sheepish than go on a one-man house-clearing suicide mission leaving your family members unprotected.
When you call the police, tell them precisely where you and your family are located in the house. Tell them that you are armed and that all your family members are safe and secure with you. Ask them to carefully and loudly identify themselves when entering your strongpoint.
Once the plan is set, drill it. Multiple times. Practice, practice, practice. Your wife may think you’re a tin-foil-hat-wearing wacko and the kids will think it is cool. Run through it several times, both during the day, then again at night with low light/no light. Then have an occasional surprise drill.
If and when the real thing happens, you’ll be surprised to see how a standard operating procedure keeps a stressful situation a lot calmer and more coordinated.
2. Have an early warning
Police response to home alarms is notoriously slow and often set as a priority right above extracting cats from trees. Forget or even disconnect that part of it, but have a good home security alarm system installed set to activate instantly when a door or window is breached and use it religiously so you’ll be acutely aware the moment someone enters your perimeter.
You have the luxury of knowing who belongs inside your walls and who doesn’t. The moment you hear your alarm go off, it’s time to execute your plan (see No. 1). Make sure to disengage the alarm quickly so your hearing can be used to detect interior movement.
3. Prepare resources
Make sure firearms, flashlights and telephones are readily available. Waking up to an alarm, still foggy from sleep, isn’t the time to be fumbling with combination locks on a gun safe or scratching through your drawer looking for a light. Install quick-access gun safes next to your bed and make sure a phone and flashlight are there on your night stand, then practice using them.
A good alternative is a vehicle-style shotgun lock like those used by police. These can be attached to bed frames and hidden by dust covers but accessed with a hidden switch.
Computer cash drawers can be purchased on eBay for peanuts and with rudimentary knowledge of electronics, wired complete with battery backup and hidden activation switch. Stash an old cell phone and charging cord in the stronghold room. Even deactivated phones can still call 911.
Also, store critical first-aid supplies, such as a CAT tourniquet, quick clot agent and any prescription medicines necessary for household members. If for some reason you take a hit on the way to your secure point you’ll be able to buy yourself some time.
Add a few bottles of water for a short potential wait. Enter the direct dispatch number for the local law enforcement on your phone and print detailed directions to your house and to the stronghold inside the house and tuck them away in your safe room. Direct dispatch will almost always function faster than 911.
4. Harden the structure
A man’s (or woman’s) home is his castle and one of the best defense is making your castle a more difficult target than your neighbors’. Encourage the assailant to choose the path of least resistance and go down the street.
Remove shrubs and plants close to the house that make good hiding spots. Better yet, replace them with thorny bushes that will discourage anyone from trying to move through them. Consider glass bricks as a relatively cheap and highly secure replacement for exterior windows in first floor bedrooms. Use quality locks and, even more important, install door jambs that will resist kicking and crowbars.
As a super-economical alternative, drill 1-inch holes in the floor at the foot of both sides of the door and place pieces of steel pipe in them to secure doors at night. While not exactly aesthetically pleasing, the pipes can be easily removed and the holes covered by an entry mat.
Make sure that entry and exit points are well-lit and windows are covered to prevent people from getting a look at the valuables you have in your house. And get a dog. Even the small ones bark when they sense an unwanted presence near or in the house. That can be enough to make some burglars move along.
5. Get adequate and applicable training
Don’t let the first time you shoot your gun in the dark with a light be during a break-in. The fewer first-time variables you experience in a real fight, the better off you will be.
Numerous schools exist around the country that provide valuable instruction and practice in night shooting, civilian room combat and scenario-based gunfighting skills. Often this instruction is provided by individuals with substantial combat experience. Many, including Asymmetric Solutions, use full-size ballistic house mock ups that allow the shooter to simulate tactical movement through the structure while engaging strategically placed targets.
Also consider taking an intensive first aid course that will help you deal with a serious medical issue while waiting for the police to arrive and clear your house. Wilderness first aid classes designed to teach civilians how to care for major medical problems when help is at a distance are far more intensive and full of practical knowledge than the basic “call 911 and apply direct pressure” quickie basic first aid/CPR courses.
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Asymmetric Solutions would, of course, like to be a part of your home defense and self defense training We offer a wide spectrum of reality-based courses to civilians. If we’re too far away, find a solid firearms school near you and make sure you’re prepared.
Bottom line: making holes in paper down a shooting range lane will not – in any way – prepare you for the real fight. Reality-based training will.
These steps will be met by some with the attitude that, “Home invasions are rare and would never happen to me.” That, of course, is usually correct. Insurance companies are highly profitable institutions that bet on bad things not happening. Still, nearly all of us spend thousands yearly with insurance companies to prepare ourselves for exactly those rare contingencies.
We also hear the classic, “That level of preparation is paranoid.” One man’s paranoia is another man’s preparation until the preparation is needed. At that point paranoia is reclassified as insight.
I’m not paranoid when I drive my car because I wear my seatbelt any more than my grade school principal was paranoid when he made us do fire drills. Being prepared gives you options and puts you in greater control of your situation.
While home invasions are relatively unlikely, consider the value of the people and things inside your four walls. Personally, I will never let a few dollars spent on training and equipment, a little inconvenience and time spent on a home defense plan and practice be too great a cost to increase the surety of their safety and well-being.
Grady Powell is chief civilian instructor at Asymmetric Solutions. AS is a special operations training facility on over eight square miles outside St. Louis, Missouri employing an instructor cadre of former SpecOps personnel, training both DoD clients as well as civilians.