Build your own ghost gun
Polymer80 kit gun (Travis Pike for TTAG)
Previous Post
Next Post

By Lee Williams

Our friends at Ammoland Shooting Sports News have done incredible work exposing the crimes – actual crimesNBC correspondent Vaughn Hillyard and his crew committed while producing the liberal network’s latest hit-piece on homemade firearms. I was asked to take a look at the story from a different perspective. What I found was simply unbelievable – the worst news story focused on firearms ever produced for a network news program.

To be clear, NBC’s “Inside look at the rising ‘ghost gun’ market in the U.S.” is without a doubt the most unethical, factually bankrupt hit-piece I have ever. There is not even a close second. Its badness is unrivaled, without peer.

Most gun owners don’t even realize that journalists have ethics they must follow, because when it comes to gotcha stories about guns, most journalists throw the ethics right out the window. Hillyard and his production crew were no different. They certainly didn’t let ethics or even facts get in the way of the biased story they wanted to tell.

Polymer80 Buy Build Shoot kit
Courtesy Polymer80

Here are my major takeaways:

Hidden cameras

The Poynter Institute is a journalism think tank respected throughout the industry. Bob Steele is Poynter’s Scholar for Journalism Values. He wrote this about the use of hidden cameras: “Because they involve deception, hidden cameras should be our last choice for reporting a story. It is appropriate to consider their use on stories where we have ruled out all other alternatives for obtaining the same information. We must exhaust traditional reporting methods of interviewing, observing and researching documents and databases.”

Steele is not alone in his opinion. The Radio Television Digital News Association (RTDNA) describes itself as “the world’s largest professional organization devoted exclusively to broadcast and digital journalism.” The RTDNA honors the best of television news through its prestigious Edward R. Murrow Awards. The association has a strict set of guidelines on the use of hidden cameras. All of the following criteria must be met before a hidden camera can be deployed:

  • When the information obtained is of profound importance. It must be of vital public interest, such as revealing great system failure at the top levels, or it must prevent profound harm to individuals.
  • When all other alternatives for obtaining the same information have been exhausted.
  • When the journalists involved are willing to disclose the nature of the deception and the reason for it.
  • When the individuals involved and their news organization apply excellence, through outstanding craftsmanship as well as the commitment of time and funding needed to pursue the story fully.
  • When the harm prevented by the information revealed through deception outweighs any harm caused by the act of deception.
  • When the journalists involved have conducted a meaningful, collaborative, and deliberative decision-making process on the ethical and legal issues.

As you can see, none of these criteria were met – I doubt any were even considered – before Hillyard and his crew smuggled their hidden cameras into a Pennsylvania gun show.

Personally, I have never used a hidden camera or ever wanted one used. I believe people have a right to know when they are being filmed, especially if the footage is going to be used to their detriment – especially if it will be aired on a national news program.

Also, there was no reason to jump to the hidden camera, since the vendor selling the homemade firearm kits willingly submitted to an interview with Hillyard.

Biased statistics

Statistics themselves are ripe for manipulation by a biased journalist, but when biased statistics are used, the sin becomes even greater. For this story, Hillyard used stats provided by the Giffords anti-gun group. In other words, they got their anti-gun stats from an anti-gun group. How this made it through the normal vetting process, which most news stories undergo, indicates there was no vetting process. Hillyard’s “news” story was unvetted.

Staged photos

In the piece, there’s a still shot of an unfinished homemade handgun receiver laying on a sidewalk as if it was part of a crime scene. Staged photos are lies. They’re as bad as making up a quote. At a newspaper, they’re a fireable offense. If a photo must be staged to illustrate a point, they must be labeled as a “photo illustration.” To do otherwise is to lie to the viewers.

Biased experts

Hillyard never discloses to his viewers that one of the sources in his story, Attorney General Josh Shapiro, has a grudge against the homemade firearm vendor. Shapiro’s bias should have been disclosed or he should not have been used in the story. Nothing is more indicative of a reporter’s bias than stacking the deck with biased experts.

Selective editing

Raw video gets edited before it is published. That’s part of the normal production process. However, in this story, most of the vendor’s comments – especially the explanatory and exculpatory ones – made during a parking lot “ambush” interview were never published. News stories usually have two sides. To be fair, both sides should get to have their say. Hillyard and his crew were clearly afraid of the vendor’s comments, because they shot holes in their “ghost guns bad” theory, so the viewers never got to hear the whole truth. This is a huge red flag that the reporter was afraid of the truth.

Breaking the law

There are times when a journalist could ethically violate the law in order to get a story. However, it would have to be one hell of a story. Hillyard’s opus certainly doesn’t meet this standard. I asked an expert to review the story to determine whether laws were broken. Turns out they were, according to John “JC” Clark, cofounder of FFL Consultants. JC knows firearm law far better than I ever will.

The Gun Control Act (GCA) permits an unlicensed individual to make a firearm for personal use, but not for sale or distribution. Although the law doesn’t explicitly prohibit a non-licensee from selling, giving away, or otherwise transferring a personally manufactured firearm, (i.e. ghost gun or homemade firearm,) to another non-licensee, it does stipulate that the original intent must have been for personal use. In addition, the GCA also restricts the transfer of handguns to an out-of-state resident and clearly states that it is not permitted as private party transfers require both individuals to reside in the same state.

Moving on to Pennsylvania law: To transfer an eligible firearm, more specifically handguns as required, both parties must accomplish the transfer through a Federal Firearms Licensee or a Sheriff’s Office so the transferee can undergo a background check.

Based on the scenario, it certainly doesn’t appear to be for “personal use.” Then you have the fact that the AG’s office manufactured firearms and are not a Federal Firearms Licensee and not a licensed manufacturer of firearms. (I also have issues with a public law enforcement agency participating with a private entity in this way, as there are most certainly conflict of interest issues that could result.)

With regards to the referenced Philadelphia code, the statement referring to §10-2002 is accurate, however I believe there is currently a stay in place where enforcement of the referenced code is concerned, as the State of Pennsylvania (Commonwealth of Pennsylvania) has a preemption clause which clearly outlines that counties, municipalities or townships may not create restrictions on firearms that are not prohibited by the laws of the Commonwealth.

In conclusion

By violating even the most basic journalism ethics, in addition to federal and state law, Hillyard and his production team also broke one of journalism’s cardinal rules: Rather than simply telling a story, they became part of the story. I hope those who were libeled, defamed and portrayed in a false light by this “news” story seek competent counsel. NBC has deep pockets, after all, and as a community, we need to stop accepting this type of mistreatment.

It’s time we start fighting back.


The Second Amendment Foundation’s Investigative Journalism Project wouldn’t be possible without you. Click here to make a tax deductible donation to support pro-gun stories like this.

This story is part of the Second Amendment Foundation’s Investigative Journalism Project and is published here with their permission.

Previous Post
Next Post


  1. Honest journalism is a contradiction in terms. Journalism has three rules. First, if it bleeds, it leads. Second, it’s okay to make things up to advance the story. Third, the George Costanza rule: even if it’s untrue, it isn’t a lie of you believe it.

  2. NBC (Never Been Correct) says it all!

    The MSM appears to operate under the concept that the First Amendment also covers intentional, well-meaning (from their standpoint), lies fabricated in order to further or “guide” a story.

  3. Nothing bad will happen to these lawbreaking “journalists”. They’ll probably win some kind of award…

  4. Any one of those, if done by a student in journalism class back in high school, would have meant an automatic F not just on the project but for the entire term.

  5. Speaking of ‘Ghost Guns’, this dropped last night, and if only 25 percent of it is true, we are about to enter a Stasi ‘Nightmare World’ :

    • Well that just sucks. I can see a whole lot of smaller gunshops closing down because it just ain’t worth it.
      Man oh man, that BATFE really must think they’re something else. Must be tremendously gratifying to know you have more power then the Constitution of The United States of America.

  6. “journalists have ethics” – Are you living in Never Neverland riding on a rainbow colored unicorn?

    • I knew since the late 80s the media was biased against guns. If they are not out-and-out lying, they are certainly exaggerating, distorting, or omitting facts they don’t like.

    • Edward R. Murrow did. Ironically, we’d probably be better off if he hadn’t.

      Murrow’s Boys pretty much created the ethical mass-media journalism that the profession has been pretending to practice for the past 80 years. Emphasis on pretending. The legacy media murdered Murrow’s principles the second he retired, and has been wearing them like Hannibal Lecter in a skin mask for the past 80 years.

      Murrow’s ironclad personal ethics and outsized influence gave the nascent TV news giants — previously just a collection of biased radio hacks doing secondhand news — credibility and gravitas they lacked. Without that…who knows?

  7. You want to do something about this. Buy a firearm. A lot of them. Especially, a lot of those that really pisses them off. Then you join organizations like GOA. Rub their nose in it. Or, ignore them as if the antisocial don’t matter. They really don’t. Except to them. A lot of sound and fury. I had a front pass through the other night. Tornado watches. The warning on my phone woke me up. It’s Florida. Something is going to kill me. Hurricane, water moccasins or gators. Dead is dead. I don’t really care how it’s delivered. Except, if my death is offered up by another human. Now we have a problem. And I have the solution.

    • I’m picking up another 870 in a couple of days, maybe a .22pistul or revolving. from then on all my spare money is going towards emu.

      • possum – does limu know that you are ‘stalking’ him?
        Sorry couldn’t resist turning a pun – most of us knew what you were talking about. Know where I can find some at a reasonable price?

  8. Can be a thin line on ghost guns for yourself and trying to make them to sell or use a crime .

  9. These kinds of things mean so little to me that I find them almost pointless to spend much time on.

    The American major media outlets have all proven themselves to be motivated towards an agenda that is anti-American. Particularly where guns are concerned. They are not above lies if it will translate to more people believing the message they want to put out. So none of this is news and really doesn’t surprise me. It’s all part of why I consume as little ‘news’ as I can get away with anymore. It isn’t news. It’s propaganda. The fourth estate has failed the American people.

    The people that truly need to be prosecuted and imprisoned continue to walk free.

  10. Laws prevent crime, just ask any idiot (or Leftist – oops, I repeated myself).

    If we outlaw murder, no one will get murdered. If we outlaw drugs, no one will do drugs. It’s easy, just listen to MinorIQ and dacian the stupid If we pass enough laws, the world will be perfect.

  11. The use of the first amendment to try and restrict any other should equate to jail time! Double for any stating “shall not be infringed “ !

Comments are closed.