Obscure Object of Desire: The Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Smith & Wesson is a name long associated with quality wheel guns going all the back to the Wild West, a company long steeped in traditional big bore revolvers and chamberings like the fabled .44-40 WCF (Winchester center fire).

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy Wikipedia

It was introduced in 1873 by the Winchester Arms Company as a chambering for their then new and now fabled Winchester 1873 lever action rifle (the gun that won the west). The .44-40 in its original load was a bottle-necked casing filled with 40 grains of black powder propelling a .427″ 200 grain round nose flat point bullet at approximately 1,245 ft/s.

By 1895, Winchester introduced a new load with 17 grains of DuPont No. 2 smokeless powder replacing the black powder. It chucked a 200 grain bullet at 1,300 ft/s. Remember, these were out of a rifle. In a revolver, the round usually travelled at just under 1,000 ft/s.

The cartridge became so popular that both Colt and S&W chambered their period guns for it since the Winchester 1873 rifle was incredibly popular. At the height of the Wild West in 1877, Smith & Wesson had their New Model 3 chambered in .44-40 and it sold like hot cakes. In 1891, S&W introduced the .44 Double Action First Model and kept right on making them until 1913.

The cartridge was so popular that’s said to have taken the most deer in North American except for the .30-30 Winchester and put more men, both good and bad, into early graves as the west was being won.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF new model 3

New Model 3

double action first model Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

.44 Double Action First Model

In 1907, a more modern design was introduced. The S&W Triple Lock, officially dubbed the .44 Hand Ejector 1st Model ‘New Century.’ It was chambered in .44-40 as well as the newfangled .44 Special.

hand ejector first model Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

.44 Hand Ejector 1st Model

But by the eve of WWII, the .44-40 was eclipsed by other more power cartridges like the .44 Special and production ended in 1940. The cartridge was removed from Smith’s catalog at the end of WWII as a chambering option. By that time Smith was looking at the works of Elmer Keith and his .44 Magnum and the .45 Colt was seeing something of a resurgence due to the rising popularity of Cowboy Westerns on both the big and little screens.

A couple of faithful cowboy reproductions were made in .44-40 by Uberti and Pedersoli, but no modern production guns. That is, until 1986 when the Model 544 was born.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy A. Valdes

The Model 544 is a modern production 5″ big bore N-Frame, square butted revolver. It was built on the same lineage as Dirty Harry’s .44 Magnum Model 29. The gun was made specifically for Texas’s  150th anniversary. A total of 4,782 were made and they were dubbed the Texas Wagon Train Commemorative, product code 103195.

The side of the barrel is inscribed with “1836 TEXAS 1986” to commemorate the Texas sesquicentennial.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy A. Valdes

The lock plate has an outline of the state of Texas with a covered wagon and the dates 1836 and 1986 in a circle.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy A. Valdes

The packaging was also outside the norm. The Model 544 came shipped in a blue velvet-lined wooden box with artwork depicting Texas and the Sesquicentennial Wagon Train route that traversed the state at the time.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy A. Valdes

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

The grips date this gun as being made on May 27, 1986.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF grip

Courtesy A. Valdes

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy A. Valdes

The revolver shoots like a dream. The .44-40 fired from a big, honking N-Frame is a (relative) powder puff in terms of recoil. As a self defense cartridge, the .44-40 would certainly do the job today every bit as well as it did back in the Wild West. I may not have to worry about stage coach robbers or cattle rustlers anymore but I bet a home burglar would think twice after looking down the big, gaping muzzle of the Model 544.

Powder River Cartridge Company and Buffalo Bore Ammunition make modern defensive loads in the .44-40. Buffalo Bore states their load launches a 185 grain JHP at 1,150 ft/s at the same pressures as an original black powder load so they’re safe for original Cowboy Era guns.

Powder River claims their load has a 200 grain JHP being pushed out of a 6″ barrel at 950 ft/s. That matches original cowboy era loads too. But now instead of a solid lead slug, you get a modern JHP design, so you get expansion, not just penetration. The same principle applies to the .45 ACP and .45 Colt cartridges today when it comes to JHP loads.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

What’s also nice is that since it is .44 N-Frame, speed-loaders for the .44 Special and .44 Magnum will work and aftermarket grips fit. The Model 544 is a gem for someone who wants a big bore revolver with a bit of class and that won’t jolt their wrists.

Smith & Wesson Model 544 Texas Commemorative in .44-40 WCF

Courtesy A. Valdes

The Model 544 is a rare bird these days and even folks in Texas have a hard time finding them. But this Florida-born Cuban sure is proud to own one and I must say, it’s a damn shame that the .44-40 isn’t loaded in other modern production guns like, say, the Ruger Redhawk.

If you run across one, don’t let it get away. These are fantastic revolvers. Yes, some folks won’t shoot them, preferring to let live in a dark safe. But I’m not one of them. I’ll baby it, but I’ll sure shoot it, too. Maybe Smith & Wesson makes another run of these in their new Classic Series. Here’s hoping.

comments

  1. avatar jwm says:

    Purty. And I like the 5 inch barrel.

    1. avatar Tom in Oregon says:

      Me too. My .44 mag is a 5”. I love it.

    2. avatar Madcapp says:

      They shoulda made it top-break.

  2. avatar Ralph says:

    Blue steel, half lug, fancy hardwood grips . . . damn, that’s a nice looking piece. But I’m not adding any new calibers.

  3. avatar MouseGun says:

    Is this from a time when smiths weren’t poorly finished and fitted?

    1. avatar Nickel Plated says:

      My 2018 made Model 19 is very nicely put together. Beautiful polished bluing and wood. Cant wait to take it out for it’s first shots. I’m sure it’ll be a tack-driver. Definitely a never sell gun.

  4. avatar daveinwyo says:

    I’m with all of you. Very nice. But not adding a new caliber. I haven’t even seen a S&W for a long time so I don’t know about F&F on their guns.

  5. avatar Specialist38 says:

    I remember when those came out. I had just bought a 624 in 44 spl. Smith and Wesson made a lot of special runs of guns for distributors in the 80s. Lots of snubbed N frames and Jframes with adjustable sights. Hey day of revolvers.

    Ruger made a run of new vaqueros in 44-40 some years back. Had a chance to buy one for 350 but have never liked reloading bottle necked cartridges.

    1. avatar Green Mtn. Boy says:

      “Ruger made a run of new vaqueros in 44-40 some years back. Had a chance to buy one for 350 but have never liked reloading bottle necked cartridges.”

      Boy did Ruger screw the pooch on the 44 WCF chambered Vaqueros,when they first showed up in shops, the barrel bore diameter nominally measured.429,however the cylinder throats nominally measured .426 / .427,which did not make for any kind or reasonable accuracy especially with cast bullets.

      However it could be cured for approximately 100.00 in rental fees for a chamber reamer and some time spent.
      I have a buddy that did just that and now he owns two pairs of some very accurate Ruger Vaquero’s in 44 WCF .

      1. avatar Specialist38 says:

        I heard about that.

        Doesn’t surprise me though. Owned an original vaquero in 45 colt.

        As I,was working up loads the accuracy went to crap with anything faster more than 250 grain at about 850 fps.

        Checked the throats and found them at .449…….just a little under the more of .452…lol

        Ruger did six it and I imagine would have fixed the 44 wcf as well.

        They seem to,have the 45s right nowadays.

  6. avatar Andrew lias says:

    Gotta say I have a weakness for Smith revolvers. This is no exception.

  7. avatar Bob Ross says:

    Might have some trouble using .44 magnum speed loaders. The .44 rim is .514 and the 44-40 rim is .525. The .45 colt rim is also smaller at .512.

    1. avatar Specialist38 says:

      …..let’s just paint a happy, little cloud and not worry about anything….
      I never saw the finished Bob Ross painting…..I was napping by then….he was way too mellow

      1. avatar tsbhoa.p.jr says:

        for some reason hbo will not box set hardcore tv.
        in case you missed it, your welcome.
        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2w2axPEbJb4
        some of bob ross’ finest moments.

  8. avatar luigi says:

    Where’s Arlen on that Wagon Train route map?

  9. avatar Hal J. says:

    Three of them for sale at Gunbroker right now. A shame I don’t have $1000 burning a hole in my pocket…

  10. avatar Todd Gross says:

    I have a .44 HE 3rd Model that was rechambered to .44-40. Fun to shoot. Kinda wish whomever had left it .44 Spl but it looks like a Bowen conversion job, so there’s that.

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