Iowa House Study Bill 133 is an omnibus weapons law reform bill. The authors of the bill appear to have searched through various weapons laws enacted in the United States in the last several decades for inspiration, taking the best features of laws that have worked elsewhere. But the Iowa bill features a few unique twists of its own. The bill covers so many reforms that amendments and wording changes are almost certain. Here is an overview of most of the prominent features of the bill.
HSB 133 makes clear that the presumption of evil intent is not to be inferred from the mere act of being armed. From iowa.gov:
A person who goes armed with any dangerous weapon with the intent to use without justification such weapon against the person of another commits a class “D” felony. The intent required for a violation of this section shall not be inferred from the mere carrying or concealment of any dangerous weapon itself, including the carrying of a loaded firearm, whether in a vehicle or on or about a person’s body.
The bill strengthens firearms preemption with a strong rewrite of current law, making the law uniform across the state.
A Stand Your Ground provision is included in the law.
The bill removes the prohibition on the carry of pistols or revolvers on snowmobiles or all terrain vehicles (ATVs).
It removes the authority of officials to seize or confiscate legally possessed firearms during states of emergency.
It removes the authority of Director of Administrative Services to ban weapons in the Capitol and associated buildings.
It protects the privacy of permit holders by prohibiting disclosure of personal information on carry permits, except for specifically authorized disclosures.
There is a provision to appeal the decision of Sheriff or Commissioner if a permit is refused; court fees can be awarded if the appeal succeeds.
It allows for carry without a permit, open or concealed, if the requirement for training for carrying a weapon has been done. It is not quite Constitutional carry, but it is “permitless” carry. From iowa.gov:
1. Except as provided in subsection 2, the availability of a professional or nonprofessional permit to carry weapons under this chapter shall not be construed to impose a general prohibition on the unlicensed carrying, whether openly or concealed, of a dangerous weapon, including a loaded firearm.
2. A person shall be prohibited from the unlicensed carrying, whether openly or concealed, of a dangerous weapon, including a loaded firearm unless the person has completed a firearm safety training program described under section 724.9, subsection 1.
It allows for firearm training to be done online. Honorable discharge from the armed forces is sufficient to prove training.
Defensive display is allowed for. From iowa.gov:
The bill provides that a threat to cause serious injury or death by the production, display, or brandishing of a deadly weapon, is not deadly force, as long as the actions of the person are limited to creating an expectation that the person may use deadly force to defend oneself, another, or as otherwise authorized by law.
Parents are allowed to supervise children during the lawful use of a pistol or revolvers, if the parents are 21 or over.
During the 2016 elections, Iowans removed politicians that had been blocking gun law reforms for many years. Second Amendment supporters in Iowa are hopeful that most of the above reforms will be able to move through the legislature and be signed into law.
©2017 by Dean Weingarten: Permission to share is granted when this notice and link are included.