Visual range estimation is one of the most difficult elements of long-range marksmanship. You can have an amazing rifle, match ammo and perfect trigger control, and you can memorize the ballistic and atmospheric charts for your favorite handload, but you’ll never pass for Carlos Hathcock or Matthew Quigley if you don’t know the range to your target within a handful of yards. Laser rangefinders like the Leupold RX-800i/TBR make this challenging task a whole lot easier.
Leupold sent me their RX-800i/TBR rangefinder for testing earlier this summer. It’s my first experience with a laser rangefinder, and I’ve used it in good weather and foul to arrange shooting stages, zero my .308 at specific distances, and lase the distance to every landmark within 800 yards of my house. (I took a birdwatching guide and a notebook, just in case anybody called 911 to report a creepy voyeur in the neighborhood.)
Here’s what I learned:
FUNCTIONS & FEATURES
The RX-800i/TBR is a 6x23mm monocular with an integrated 800-yard laser rangefinder. In addition to simple rangefinding, it performs a slew of trigonometric and ballistic functions which can be extensively customized.
Basic use is controlled by a single on/off button, and it couldn’t be simpler: point it at the target, push the button and put the target in the middle of the reticule. There are several reticules to choose from, but they’re all variants on the crosshair and quadrant lines shown above. Advanced functions are all displayed whenever you press the on/off button, and they’re selected in advance using a series of menus. (More on those later.)
The RX-800i/TBR features a built-in inclinometer, and the little display over the F-150′s rear tire tells you the angle up or down to your target. RX-800i/TBR then does the math to calculate the true horizontal distance to uphill or downhill targets. (Raise your hand if you know what Soh-Cah-Toa means.)
True Ballistic Range
It’s intuitive that shooting downhill requires less holdover than a flat shot at the same line-of-sight distance. It’s not quite as intuitive that uphill shots also require less holdover. Bullet drop (and thus, the proper holdover to correct for it) depends on the corrected horizontal distance to the target, instead of the line-of-sight distance. The RX-800i/TBR has you covered either way, because it displays either the ‘LOS’ (line-of-sight) range or the ‘TBR’ (True Ballistic Range, or the corrected horizontal distance) to the target.
When you know the ballistic tables for your cartridge (or more ideally, the dope for your specific rifle and load) this TBR distance is the distance you use to calculate your holdover.
Automatic Holdover Calculation
If you don’t care to memorize your rifle’s holdover for known ranges, you can set the RX-800i/TBR to simply tell you what your approximate holdover is, measured in inches, centimeters, mils or minutes of angle. By working your way through the menu functions, you can select which rough class your cartridge is in based on the profile of its trajectory.
The holdovers it provides are only approximations, because there are only nine ‘classes’ to choose from. For instance, the .308 150-grain and 168-grain loads are lumped in the same category and display the same holdover, but any .308 shooter knows that these two bullets do not have the same trajectory at 600+ yards. Personally I would use the RX-800i/TBR’s holdover function as a good way to get on paper faster, while I developed a dope sheet for my specific rifle and favorite load.
But I don’t think I would depend on it if I needed to put my first bullet into the vitals of a game animal beyond 300 yards.
If you’re an amateur surveyor or a really geeky sightseer, the RX-800i/TBR can calculate the vertical height (relative to you) of any object within range that you point it at like buildings or trees or even small mountains. When your kids ask you “Daddy, how tall is that tree/building/small mountain?” you’ll never have to guess again.
In addition to the ‘RFL’ mode which calculates the corrected horizontal distance (and holdover, if desired) for rifle shooters, the RX-800i/TBR also has a ‘BOW’ setting which calculates the ballistics of arrows at ranges to 125 yards. Not being into archery these days, I didn’t play with this function much.
The RX-800i/TBR can also be set to help you estimate an animal’s height (or the width of a trophy buck’s antlers) with adjustable stadia. I don’t have too many whitetails in my suburban ‘hood (and housecats don’t have antlers) so I didn’t play with this function enough to render an opinion.
It Can Swim
It weighs just six ounces dripping wet (I test these things) and like any rangefinder worth its lenses, the RX-800i/TBR is completely waterproof. It even floats.
All the range measurements and trigonometric functions in the world are completely useless if they’re not accurate. To test the RX-800i/TBR against real-world measurements, I used some old-school technology: I fact-checked it with a surplus military range measuring cable, marked in meters, and I took it to my shooting range and checked it against the posted target distances.
From one end of the taut 50-meter cable (me) to the other end (my incredibly bored daughter), the RX-800i/TBR measured 50.1 meters. This is probably 100% accurate, since I was ranging on my daughter’s jacket and not the end of the cable in her hand. At worst, this measurement represents an accuracy of .998 at this range. (Foghorn, feel free to double-check my math here.) Ganz gut so far, eh?
Next I took it to my local shooting range, where I found that the 100-yard line was spot-on but the 10-yard pistol line was actually only 9 yards. What a ripoff.
Then I posed as a harmless birdwatcher and ranged a dozen or so neighborhood landmarks from 34 yards out to 674 yards, once in dry sunshine and once in the rain. The RX-800i/TBR’s displayed range never varied by more than 1 yard from one day to the next. This discrepancy is meaningless, since I can’t be sure I was standing on exactly the same reference points on the two different testing days. My notes weren’t incredibly precise, so I might have been off by one sidewalk square which would account for a 1-yard difference. My bad.
ERGONOMICS/EASE OF USE
The RX-800i/TBR is a handy, palm-sized package that weighs next to nothing in your hand, and it’s got a rubberized texture on top for a better grip. It’s very comfortable to carry and hold, and the secondary ‘Mode’ button is located where it’s just about impossible to accidentally activate it while you’re ranging targets.
The unit’s 6x magnification is fairly high for a monocular. It’s a little hard to hold steady at 6x magnification with one hand, and you’ll find yourself bracing your elbow on your chest or using two hands to steady it at small targets. It’s no biggie, but worth mentioning.
Another Brief Lesson In Optics
The term ‘exit pupil’ describes the width of the column of collimated light that emerges from the ocular (eyepiece) of an optical device. Shooters often call it the ‘lightbox’ or ‘sweet spot,’ and it’s where you put your eye to get a full (un-vignetted) view through your scope. For binoculars or rifle scopes, the size of the exit pupil equals the diameter of the objective (front) lens divided by the magnification of the device.
The exit pupil of large 8×50 field binoculars is 6.25mm, which is why field binoculars are very bright and easy to get your eye behind. The RX-800i/TBR’s exit pupil is much smaller than that: its 23mm objective, divided by its 6x magnification, yields an exit pupil (sweet spot) of only 3.6mm. Bigger objective lenses will always have a larger sweet spot than smaller lenses of the same magnification, so the only way to increase the exit pupil is to reduce the magnification or increase the size of the objective lens.
…And Here Endeth The Lesson
The RX-800i/TBR has a smallish exit pupil, and it takes a steady hold to point it precisely at a small target, but these are necessary tradeoffs for a rangefinder that reaches out to nearly a half-mile. The extra magnification comes in very handy at those longer ranges, because it lets you aim precisely at a particular animal or tree (or in my case, car or street sign) instead of just pointing at an area and hoping you’re getting a good reading.
Shorter-range laser rangefinders don’t need the extra magnification, but the RX-800i/TBR puts it to good use.
I couldn’t find a target that the RX-800i/TBR couldn’t range for me, even when I aimed at the tiny insulators of a far-off transmission line tower. Whether pointed at dry trees, fire hydrants or wet pavement, it always gave me a quick and consistent range to target. No problems there.
Yes, It Does Windows
The RX-800i/TBR is programmed to ignore the first really close laser reflections, so you can use it to range distant targets even when there’s a closed window in the way. Not that you’d be shooting through your living-room window, but you can still range through it if you’re curious.
The menu system is kind of a hassle. It’s impossible to have a Mac-worthy user interface when you’ve only got two buttons and a limited display to work with, and this one is no exception; you’ll probably have to go through it several times to properly set every function you want. Once you get it set the way you want it it stays that way, but do not lose the owner’s manual. You’ll really need it when it’s time to replace the battery in a few years. Or after your nephew pushes all the buttons and scrambles all the settings.
The rangefinder’s display offers only cryptic clues as to what you’re doing, and I’d hate to have to decipher it in the field without the manual to help me. Luckily, the manual is small enough to fit handily into the padded carrying case.
Since this is my first laser rangefinder and I’m still getting over how cool it is to absolutely know the distance to my target without any guesswork, you’re free to take my conclusions with several grains of salt. I’ve tried to be thorough, however, and test the RX-800i/TBR under many conditions.
The RX-800i/TBR is an accurate and easy to use rangefinder for a long-range hunter or marksman. It demonstrated itself to be at least as accurate as any of my methods for testing it, and its ‘point and shoot’ interface is incredibly easy to use once you get it set up.
If you like to shoot at really long ranges (in my book, really long range starts at about 750 yards) the RX-800i/TBR will leave you guessing your holdover as you get way out there; it just doesn’t have the range to keep up with a 6.5 Creedmoor or .338 Lapua at their limits. If you play at these ranges you’ll need a top-end, extreme distance rangefinder, and the compact $280 RX-800i/TBR is not in that class.
On the other side of the coin, there are many lower-priced (and less-capable) rangefinders that may fit the needs of shooters who rarely attempt targets beyond 300 yards.
The RX-800i/TBR’s high magnification and small exit pupil mean that it takes a hair longer to line up on target than a lower-magnification rangefinder, but these fairly minor drawbacks seem to be worth it when you’re lasing something at 600-800 yards. If you haven’t done much rangefinding, it can be surprising just how far 600 yards is.
If you need a rangefinder that gets the job done in rain or shine out to 800 yards and compensates for uphill and downhill shooting, the RX-800i/TBR is strongly recommended.
Maximum Range: 800 yards
Dimensions: 3.0″ x 4.2″ x 1.6″
Weight: 6.0 oz
Includes: Padded Carrying Case, Adjustable Neck Strap, Battery
Street Price: $280-300
RATINGS (Out Of Five Stars):
Operating Range * * * * 1/2
Most rangefinders don’t reach out to 800 yards, and neither do most riflemen.
Size/Weight * * * *
Comparable in size and weight to many less-capable rangefinders.
Ease Of Use * * * *
Hold it steady, then point and shoot.
Ease Of Programming * *
Thankfully you’ll only have to do it every few years.
Accuracy/Repeatability * * * *
I only withheld the fifth star because I lack the means to test it more rigorously.
Overall Rating * * * *
Leupold delivers. This shouldn’t be a surprise to anyone.