I’m researching “How to Defend Your Home with a Shotgun.” One of the issues that gives me pause: what, if anything, do you say to the perp when you know your home has been invaded? On one hand, calling out a warning is a pretty dumb thing to do—revealing your location and (perhaps) your state of readiness to someone who’s a deadly threat to you and/or your family. (Whether or not you should rack a pump shotgun as an auditory deterrent poses the same sort of conundrum.) On the other hand, a jury might like to hear that you warned an invader before shooting him or her. There are two variations here. In the first, the invader is not within range. In other words, you can them a chance to escape. In the second, they’re right on top of you, when you can least afford any sort of tactical delay. In that case, you could issue a warning and fire more or less simultaneously. You know, in theory. One shotgun guru suggests calling out “Police stop!”—and later claim you said “Please stop!” At the same time, what are you going to do if the invader DOES stop? For a frightened homeowner, a standoff is a tactical nightmare. But not for the invader. Your thoughts?